10 Days. 240 Hours. 14,400 Minutes.
The 20th Century could easily be called the “global century”. See, I just did it. The next to last piece of curriculum for the AP World Exam involves this Interdependency… Almost there. Remember to breathe…
6.3 New Conceptualizations of Global Economy, Society, and Culture
People, states, industries, etc. all became INTERDEPENDENT (aka dependent on one another… generally in a cooperative way). Like you and your phone… Here are the examples:
INTERNATIONAL PEACE & COOPERATION:
For peace, you have two. The first is the LEAGUE OF NATIONS. This disaster was formed after the FIRST world war in order to maintain peace. Problem? US never joins and they can’t use their military… Also, there was a World War II… Terrible. The other is the UNITED NATIONS. It has its flaws but let me give you two facts to show how its better than the LEAGUE… It’s headquartered in New York City (USA), and it has military power (see the Korean War). There is also the International Criminal Court. It started in 2002, but think of it as a permanent Nuremberg Trial for the really bad guys… Genocidal Bad guys… Kony-types.
I teach World History, not economics. But, there are some groups (IMF, WTO, and the World Bank) who keep an eye on the free market practices of the economy. Think of them as giant, powerful, intercontinental Invisible Hands. Not only do they regulate economies, they also look in on developing nations and decide who/where gets important loans to help build up their infrastructure.
Some groups are here to help… Whether its a medical emergency (Red Cross) or an injustice has occurred (Amnesty International) or if children and mothers are in need of help (UNICEF… This one is run by the UN) or people are sick in developing areas (Doctor’s without Borders) or looking into the overall public health of humans (World Health Organization… this one is UN run as well). If you ever want to donate money to a group that does good in the world… Choose one of these.
Often, nations in a similar region will join into a trade agreement to help foster better economic-political relations between nations. Here are some:
North America- NAFTA
South America- MERCOSUR
You know these. You see them everyday. Coca-cola, Shell, Sony… Moving on.
These are like the humanitarian groups but for nature stuff. Greenpeace is the big one. You may know them from their efforts to stop Whalers in East Asia. But, there are others. Greenbelt in Kenya and Earth Day are examples of specific movements to save the environment.
These aren’t movements per se… But, they fit too. The UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS (from the UN) gives everyone rights. Like a Bill of Rights for Humanity. Also, women gained more rights in this century than all of the previous centuries combined… (Suffrage does not mean to suffer… it means to vote). Strangely, they added the end of the White Australia policy… A super racist immigration policy in Australia.
Negritude (the opposite of Social Darwinism) arose in Africa. This stated that Africans owed nothing to the Europeans and that the African culture itself was something to be celebrated and cherished.
These aren’t listed as anything specific. Just know, not everyone likes everyone. And, groups will often act negatively to diversity and change.
You thought all religions were centuries old? Wrong. Some are decades old. I’m not talking about Scientology. Here are the new religions they mention:
Hare Krishna: Think of them as super nice, polite, friendly, Hindu yoga people.
Falun Gong: It means “Dharma Wheel Practice” It’s a 1990s movement to incorporate Buddhist teachings and Taoist teachings in China… with lots of meditation.
Do you hear that? You know what that sound is? It’s one more day of information… And, then… THE TOP THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT THE AP WORLD HISTORY TEST! Get excited…