27 Days. 648 Hours. 38,880 Minutes.
We looked at the Industrial Revolution and how it worked. But, what are the effects of this thing?
5.1 Industrialization and Global Capitalism
Here are some things that arose from the Industrial Revolution;
FACTORY SYSTEM: People doing work away from their homes? Sounds so 19th century. But, when factory owners streamlined labor into one building around advanced machines, productivity grew.
SPREAD: If you can’t beat ‘em, join ‘em. England couldn’t keep their industrial secret for long. America, Russia, and the rest of Europe all quickly learned their methods and implemented them back at home.
SECOND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION: It’s hard to draw a hard line between IR 1.0 & IR 2.0 but it is essentially the second wave of inventions/innovations that expedited progress. Best examples are Bessemer’s Steel and Automobiles.
GLOBAL ECONOMY: We’ll focus here in a few days, but the Industrialists sought out Materials and Markets around the world to sell their stuff and get materials to make more stuff.
DECLINE OF OLD ECONOMIES: If you lived in a non-Industrial region, you simply could not keep up with the Industrial strength of the West. So, your economy is going to have a bad time. Example: Textile Industry in India suffered terribly as they were overrun with British textiles.
COMMUNICATION/TRANSPORTATION IMPROVEMENTS: These may seem obvious but with the Industrial revolution comes improvements like Railroads, Telegraphs, steamships, and Canals (most notably the Suez)
SOCIAL CLASSES: A new group emerged: THE MIDDLE CLASS. This was a group that filled in between the Peasants and Nobility. Almost like the “Bourgeoisie”, they were often educated people who held skilled positions. Also, there was the INDUSTRIAL WORKING CLASS; this is basically anyone who went to work in the new factories.
UNSANITARY CONDITIONS: Coal is gross. It burns dirty. It made everything gross. Also, living conditions in the new cities were not regulated and often amounted to nothing more than a shanty town. Later regulations led to improvements, but initial industrial cities were gross.
EDUCATION: Kids were initially working in the factories (cheap labor). But, unions pushed to get the kids out of the factory (so they could get those jobs). But, what do we do with them? A: Book Learnin. Kids went to school and created an educated workforce/voting population. States could instill nationalism (did you say the Pledge of Allegiance yet today?).