28 Days. 672 Hours. 40,320 Minutes.
We built this revolution. We built this revolution on advanced machinery.
5.1 Industrialization and Global Capitalism:
The AP wants you to know two examples of machinery that led to all of the things we looked at yesterday. And, its not just them; the Industrial Revolution was built on the backs of two power sources:
1. The Steam Engine (Improved by James Watt)
Prior to Watt’s invention, most factory’s still held close to rivers and used waterwheels as the key power source. But, rivers freeze, overflow, etc. There has to be a better way? James Watt, the Scottish inventor, developed what you see above. Using the same small source of water, water is heated via burning coal that creates pressure that moves a piston and creates force. Boom. That’s it. That allows factories to be moved closer to ports and coal sources. Also, you take this bad boy and strap it to a train or a boat; and you have a nice little energy source.
2. The Internal Combustion Engine
Most of you don’t have steam engines that get you from Point A to Point B. What you probably use more is the internal combustion engine (above). I’m no engineer but burning fuels (gas) directly in the engine creates more force than heated water (steam) can provide. All I know is that if you crank up your car and hear a sound coming from under the hood, its one of these. This may be the only thing on the AP test that you have in your possession… unless you have the plague… Then, sorry about that…
Tomorrow, what does it all mean? We’ve got Industrialization built on Steam and Gas… Where does it go from here?
A: Global. Europe leaves the friendly confines and heads around the world for Markets for these industrial goods, and Materials (raw) for their factories.