29 Days. 696 Hours. 41,760 Minutes.
Take a look at the banner for the 1750-1900 era… Go ahead… look at it.
Anyway… The banner should tip you off to the THESIS of this era. It’s the Industrial Revolution, stupid! (Sorry, you’re not stupid… You’re a unique intellectual star. It’s a famous quote popularized by President Clinton in the 90s as to how to win elections, “It’s the economy, stupid.”)
Yeah, it’s that big of a deal. It changed everything. And, when I say everything, I MEAN UHHRTHANG. If I had 10 seconds to sum up human history to aliens, I would say, “People left Africa, farmed, Columbus, Industrial Revolution, Moon landing, Zelda.” This is gonna take a couple days to cover, so… Industrial Revolution: DAY ONE:
5.1 Industrialization and Global Capitalism
The Industrial Revolution is the answer to a lot of questions. Here are some:
What started in England and spread to Europe and America?
The Industrial Revolution. Europe was uniquely positioned for global domination following the Columbian Exchange. Plus, the Atlantic System was the perfect highway system to funnel precious raw materials (I’m looking at you cotton) back to the continent…
What was totally fueled by timber, coal, and iron?
The Industrial Revolution. Your little spinning wheel in your house was made out of a tree that fell on your property a few years back. Its powered by your feet. That’s not revolutionary. One spinning wheel isn’t cool. You know what’s cool? A billion spinning wheels!
And that kind of production can’t happen in Mongolia or Mali. It can’t happen in Arizona or Arabia. It requires Raw Materials. It’s no longer GOD GOLD & GLORY the Europeans want… It’s Raw Materials…
When did European population growth go through the roof?
The Industrial Revolution. I’m not talking about, “Hey, did you hear the Andersons had another kid?” I’m talking about the entire population of Europe doubling in one century… Doubling. From 100 million to 200 million.
Cities sure are big these days… When did that start happening?
The Industrial Revolution. Improvements in farming (Scientific Farming) and increases in population led people to the cities in search of work in the new factories. Take a look at the two charts above. Not a ton of European Cities on the left, but on the Right? It’s only cities that developed during the increase in Urbanization in this era.
If the first Agricultural Revolution was the introduction of farming, when does the next Agricultural Revolution take place?
The Industrial Revolution. Scientific Farming put agriculture under the microscope. Crop rotation, selective breeding, etc. led to greater yields. More food with less workers=more calories, more unemployed. Luckily, there’s always those city jobs you can take in the big city.
All those rivers and canals in England/Europe… What could those help out with?
The Industrial Revolution. How do you move product? Water. It’s cheap and easy. It fuels steam engines. In England (where it all began) you can pretty much get anywhere within a few days. Compare that to the United States or Russia…
Tomorrow, we look at the machinery all of this was built on. Word.