You are now a veteran. You’ve taken an AP exam.  Welcome to the big time, champ. For most of you, next year brings with it the second half of your high school career and the dreaded APUSH!

I may have an untrustworthy Point of View, but AP World is clearly the greatest.  APUSH is an amazing course that will carry on the rigor of AP World but aim that focus at one place… The greatest place ever… You know it as the United States of America.  

I’ve never taught APUSH and don’t have any materials to help you out.  You must go now on your own.  This is where we part ways… May the force be with you… always…

Posted on May 17, 2018 .

1. 8 Fold Path #1- GET MOTIVATED!

1 Day. 24 Hours. 1,440 Minutes.

24 hours. Here we are.  What’s more impressive?
a. The hours of study and review you put in this year
b. The amount of world history you are carrying in your brain right now
c. The fact that I actually stuck with this jam for 80 days?

We’d probably have different answers… But, Tomorrow is gametime…

You can see the promise land.  You need a pep talk.  You need some wise words of advice. You need some historical genius to tell you how great you are and how great tomorrow will be… 

I’m not that guy.  I’m some rando teacher that you’ve probably never even met.  So, here are some to get you through.

Mulan (CLASSICAL 600-600)
(This will also make you have all the force of a great typhoon)

MOANA (Classical & Post Classical)
(This will also motivate you to build ocean going canoes and travel across the Pacific)

William Wallace’s Freedom Speech (POST CLASSICAL 600-1450)
(This will also motivate you to fight the British)

Shakespeare’s St. Crispin’s Day Speech (EARLY MODERN 1450-1750)
(This will also motivate you to attack France)

Speech from the film the Patriot (MODERN 1750-1900)
(This will also make you want to declare independence)

Miracle on Ice (1900-Present)
(This will also motivate you to win the Cold War… with hockey)

President’s Speech from Independence Day (1900-Future)
(This will also motivate you to attack Aliens)

Get a good night’s sleep.  Eat a serious breakfast.  And, do your best tomorrow…

SET YOUR ALARM NOW!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Posted on May 16, 2018 .

2. 8 Fold Path #2- FREEMAN SAYS RELAX!

2 Days. 48 Hours. 2,880 Minutes.

When I ask other AP World teachers, they all have the same advice:
TAKE A BREAK!!! If this is your first day studying, then keep studying (it’s going to be a rough 48 hours).  But, if you’ve been keeping up with the 80 day review, then take today off.  It’s going to be a nice day. Go outside.  Put down your phone. Recharge.  Tomorrow is the last day before the big show.  So, enjoy it :)

Posted on May 15, 2018 .

3. 8-Fold Path #3-Check Yourself

3 Days. 72 Hours. 4,320 Minutes.

They say the best way to learn something is to have to teach it.  So, start from ground zero and try to teach someone about AP World.  This can be your parents, your cat, your wall, your phone, whatever.  Start at the beginning and try to walk yourself through it.  Spend an hour today trying to go from the Out of Africa theory and Big Geography all the way to Bollywood. 

If you find parts that you don’t know; GREAT! You’ve found the problem.  You can right the ship before it goes down!!!

At the end, you should have an idea as to what you know and what you don’t. Focus on the gaps in your learning.  What if you knew nothing about the Interdependency of the Contemporary era… You found that out by going over the curriculum… You learned it… AND THEN THAT WAS AN ESSAY!!! THAT WOULD BE AMAZING… So, study like that might happen.  

Today is your OUTSIDE INFORMATION… What could you learn today that would have helped you on Thursday… Let’s find out…


Posted on May 14, 2018 .

4. 8 Fold Path #4- Multiple Choice


4 Days. 96 Hours. 5,760 Minutes.

55 Questions.  55 Minutes.  You need to be answering 1 question every minute. This can be intimidating especially if you know it takes you longer to read a question.  Don’t worry.  There is good news.

1. Answer all the questions.
THERE IS NO PENALTY FOR AN INCORRECT ANSWER! Answer them all.  If you guess there is a chance you get it right.  In fact, if time is low (under a minute) I would look at what you have left to do and pick a letter and put it for all of them.  You have ten left and the proctor is about to ruin your life? Guess what? Those ten are all “B”.  Yep, every blanking one of them.  B.  Why? … at least one of them is B! That B could be the difference maker.  So, don’t leave them blank.  Pick a letter and run with it.

2. Read all of them.
Biggest complaint I got last year?
“There was  a ton of reading on this thing!” And, they were right. The multiple choice section has 6,000 words.  That’s the equivalent to a 16 page book.  Be prepared to read.  But, read them all.  If one is tricky, don’t sit around trying to remember why Novgorod was important… Move on.  Keep moving… 

Don’t get caught on a question for 5 minutes.  What if you are tripped up on 5 questions that take you 15 minutes and you don’t get to the last few questions.  What if you knew those questions at the end? You are only handcuffing yourself.  Read through.  Answer what you know and move on… Then, come back at the end and look at the tough ones… And if all else fails…. B!

3. Don’t let the time get to you
It may be freaking you out.  You can do it. Answer what you can and the rest will work itself out.  And, once its over and you turn the corner for the Essays; let it go.  If you didn’t get to them all, let it go. If one question seemed like it was in Latin; let it go. The Multiple Choice is over. It's the SAQ's turn to feel your wrath!

Posted on May 13, 2018 .

5. 8-Fold Path- #5: Pick Your Poison

5 Days. 120 Hours. 7,200 Minutes.

We are close enough now to the AP World History Exam to actually talk about this thing.  There is more to this thing than knowing everything that’s ever happened ever… 

This may be the most helpful tip (IMO).  You will have 55 minutes to answer 55 questions.  But, after that you will have a brief break.  Then, the other half of the test… THE ESSAYS.  Here is where you need to game the system.  They give you 90 minutes to write two essays.  That’s where the instructions end.  Therefore, those 90 minutes are yours.  Enjoy them.  Use them to your advantage. Here is how you can maximize your score:

1. READ ALL THREE QUESTIONS (DBQ & 2 LEQs, of which you choose one LEQ)
Don’t just start on the DBQ.  Look at all three. See if they are in English.  Is it something you know? Is it something you should know? Either way, look through them and see what they are asking.  

You’ve read all three.  Is there one you think you could do pretty easily? One that is at least somewhat familiar? Hopefully, there will be THREE ESSAYS THAT YOU CAN DO… But, let’s be honest: You could be staring down three essays you think you can’t do… In that case, DO THE DBQ FIRST! The DBQ has been notoriously obscure World History topic (Olympics, Cricket, etc.) You should be able to get some points out of this thing regardless.  So, if all else fails… Do the DBQ

If you feel confident about one of the LEQs do it.  Both of these essays require you to know history.  You have to know the topics or you won’t get the points.  If you feel confident here… Write them.  If you don't know either LEQ.  THEN… WRITE THE DBQ.  The DBQ is our home base. You can write this essay.  This is testing your historical skills, not your historical knowledge (you do get points for outside information).  

For more on the exam itself, including Multiple Choice, SAQ, DBQ, and LEQ; here's the FREEMANPEDIA GUIDE TO THE EXAM

Posted on May 12, 2018 .

6. 8-Fold Path- #6- 6 Day Review

6 Days. 144 Hours. 8,640 Minutes.

We are under a week.  And, even if you are attempting to move very slowly to slow down time (Relativity 6.1).  But, it won’t help.  A week from now its all over.  


Today is simple.  6 Days left.  6 historical eras. From here on in. Take one historical era and focus on it.  Begin with Foundations today. And, one a day on the way out.  Time is low. But, you got this.  6 days of review.  CLICK HERE.

Posted on May 11, 2018 .

7. 8-Fold Path #7- Periodization

1 Week. 7 Days. 168 Hours. 10,080 Minutes.



You know the map.  Great.  But, you also need to know how they break up the course chronologically (what they call “Periodization”).  Here is what it looks like:


Knowing these will allow you to better know when the major changes and themes occurred.  I put this together the other day.  It maps the major empires and puts them in their location and time period...CLICK HERE.

Posted on May 10, 2018 .

8. 8-Fold Path- #8-MAPTIME

8 Days. 192 Hours. 11,520 Minutes

So, we’ve covered the curriculum.  So, what’s left? Well, I’ve compiled an Elite Eight.  Eight commandments to guide you into test day. An Eight-Fold path to follow.  Eight Pillars to lean on as you study. You get the point…


#8: USE THE MAP, LUKE  ( I get the irony that I'm using this quote, when Obi-wan was literally telling him to NOT use the map and instead just use the force... You are not a Jedi... Therefore, Use the map, Luke)

Don’t get caught mixing your West Africa’s with your Central Africas.  You can write the perfect essay, but if you’re talking about India and they wanted China because you screwed up South and East Asia… You are gonna hate yourself.  Today, look over the map.  This is the board that the game is played on.

Don’t get caught mixing your West Africa’s with your Central Africas.  You can write the perfect essay, but if you’re talking about India and they wanted China because you screwed up South and East Asia… You are gonna hate yourself.  Today, look over the map.  This is the board that the game is played on.

Don’t get caught mixing your West Africa’s with your Central Africas.  You can write the perfect essay, but if you’re talking about India and they wanted China because you screwed up South and East Asia… You are gonna hate yourself.  Today, look over the map.  This is the board that the game is played on.

The region map is almost common sense, though.  Want more specifics... Here they are by era including all cartographical information:

Posted on May 9, 2018 .

9. The End...

9 Days. 216 Hours. 12,960 Minutes.

This is the end. My one and only friend the end… (71 days of review so far… That’s over two solid months… Hope this has been helpful :/ )

6.3 New Conceptualizations of Global Economy, Society, and Culture

Don’t laugh at these. DO NOT skip these. Today, the last day of curriculum, is all about culture. Two of the four have been topics of the DBQ in the past 6 years… So, yeah.


This is an international soccer tournament held in a different world city every four years. It will be notable this year as the Americans will win their first of many World Cups in Brazil.

(OK... There are a couple today... but they're awesome...

(OK... There are a couple today... but they're awesome...

It's like Hollywood, but in India. Everything requires choreographed singing and dancing. (My class is watching Lagaan after the AP World exam) Here is another example:

This was also the topic of the DBQ a few years ago. It is an international competition where America always leaves with the most gold.. Murka.

Reggae is the music of Jamaica. It’s not that popular and I don’t know how hip-hop isn’t the example… But, here is reggae:

Bob Marley is the Michael Jordan of Reggae. That’s not fair to Bob Marley.  He is so synonymous with Reggae music that most people can’t name another reggae musician.  Reggae is equally tied to Jamaica and the Rastafarian movement… Think Christianity with African roots, and marijuana).

Annnnnnnnd that’s it. Know all of that and you’ll be fine. Tomorrow, we begin the top things to know before Test Day: THE 8-FOLD PATH OF AP WORLD HISTORY

Posted on May 8, 2018 .

10. Global Interdependency


10 Days. 240 Hours. 14,400 Minutes.

The 20th Century could easily be called the “global century”.  See, I just did it.  The next to last piece of curriculum for the AP World Exam involves this Interdependency… Almost there.  Remember to breathe…

6.3 New Conceptualizations of Global Economy, Society, and Culture

People, states, industries, etc. all became INTERDEPENDENT (aka dependent on one another… generally in a cooperative way).  Like you and your phone… Here are the examples:


For peace, you have two.  The first is the LEAGUE OF NATIONS. This disaster was formed after the FIRST world war in order to maintain peace.  Problem? US never joins and they can’t use their military… Also, there was a World War II… Terrible.  The other is the UNITED NATIONS.  It has its flaws but let me give you two facts to show how its better than the LEAGUE… It’s headquartered in New York City (USA), and it has military power (see the Korean War).  There is also the International Criminal Court. It started in 2002, but think of it as a permanent Nuremberg Trial for the really bad guys… Genocidal Bad guys… Kony-types.


I teach World History, not economics.  But, there are some groups (IMF, WTO, and the World Bank) who keep an eye on the free market practices of the economy.  Think of them as giant, powerful, intercontinental Invisible Hands. Not only do they regulate economies, they also look in on developing nations and decide who/where gets important loans to help build up their infrastructure.  


Often, nations in a similar region will join into a trade agreement to help foster better economic-political relations between nations.  Here are some: 
Europe-European Union
North America- NAFTA
Southeast Asia-ASEAN
South America- MERCOSUR


These are like the humanitarian groups but for nature stuff. Greenpeace is the big one. You may know them from their efforts to stop Whalers in East Asia. But, there are others. Greenbelt in Kenya and Earth Day are examples of specific movements to save the environment.

You thought all religions were centuries old? Wrong. Some are decades old.  I’m not talking about Scientology.  Here are the new religions they mention:
Hare Krishna: Think of them as super nice, polite, friendly, Hindu yoga people. 
Falun Gong: It means “Dharma Wheel Practice” It’s a 1990s movement to incorporate Buddhist teachings and Taoist teachings in China… with lots of meditation.


Do you hear that? You know what that sound is? It’s one more day of information… And, then… THE TOP THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT THE AP WORLD HISTORY TEST! Get excited… 

Posted on May 7, 2018 .

11. 20th Century Economy

11 Days. 264 Hours. 15,840 Minutes.

Here we are. The last section. Let’s go:

You could also call 6.3:


6.3 Breaks down into 3 sections: 

  1. 20th Century Economy
  2. Global Governance and Interdependency
  3. 20th Century Society & Culture

Today, we look at the economy.

With all the mess going on in the 20th Century, Communist states stepped in to solve their economic woes.  Here are two ways:
1. 5 YEAR PLANS: These are plans that lasted 5 years… OK, they are examples of centralized government planning for massive economic advancement.  There were 13 total; some worked, some were abandoned; but most focused on heavy industrial production.
2. GREAT LEAP FORWARD: From 1958-61, The People’s Republic of China instituted an economic and social program designed to rapidly collectivize the farms. This ended with as many as 45 million deaths (famine).

The Great Depression turned normally Laissez-faire capitalist states into Keynesian states.  Here are two ways:
1. NEW DEAL: Keynesian economics at its best.  US Pres FDR instituted a massive decade long plan to get America back to work. Many of the project focused on infrastructure.  Along with WWII, the New Deal helped to bring the US out of the Great Depression.
2. FASCIST CORPORATE ECONOMY: The goal here was to promote social harmony by having all of the corporations report to the government their plans to negotiate with labor (presumably to keep communism at bay… Fascists hate communists…) In reality, it just promoted political loyalty to the Fascists in power.


Everything above seems to fit into this category, but here are some specifics

Nasser promotes economic development in Egypt: Nasser et al took back many of the things taken by the British (Suez Canal). But, also built this:

The Aswan High Dam… Nasser joke: He walked up to the Nile and said, “Dam it." 


Many states took these government controls off of the economy later in the 20th Century.  Best Examples: Reaganomics, Thatcher in England, and China under Deng Xioaping.

Tomorrow? Global Interdependency!

Posted on May 6, 2018 .

12. SCIENCE!!!


12 Days. 288 Hours. 17,280 Minutes.

Enough war.  Let’s turn to science.  You know it as:

6.1 Science & the Environment

Think of everything we’ve covered thus far.  Humans are still relatively new in the Science game.  Here are the basics:


ag prod.jpeg

Last era we lost Smallpox.  This era we lost Tuberculosis and Polio.  Also, Malaria! There are still many diseases with no cure; but they have become more treatable (keep in mind that some of these diseases remain in poorer areas). Also, AN ARTIFICIAL HEART! Are you blanking kidding me? The former vice president’s heart (Cheney) is fake.  It’s a robot.  We had a cyborg Vice-President and no one freaked out.  I’m just saying.  That’s some craziness. Here's a timeline of some major medical advancements:


Below are the major diseases that permeated the 20th and 21st centuries:

disease shi.jpeg

Not to be outdone: BIRTH CONTROL. Women finally had control over their reproductive systems.  Don’t skip over the birth control pill; demographically, it may be the most important innovation in science history.

We got some pretty powerful stuff last century.  Mainly, OIL and NUCLEAR. Both have obvious side effects, but they are still in use around the world.


You thought Potosi was a mining operation. We are doing that all over the world on the reg. There are some consequences.  I’m talking GLOBAL WARMING (today we call it Climate Change). Not to mention the increased rate of extinction this era. The Cape Lion died out… It was a ten feet long lion! We gotta get cloning going better… I could deal with a 10-foot lion.  Awesome. 


Not everything was healthy, and power producing or disease curing.  I’m talking weapons.  Big weapons. City destroyers.  Nukes.  Firebombing. Some really nasty stuff. This is why these Global Conflicts were so destructive…


12 Days. 288 Hours. 17,280 Minutes.

Posted on May 5, 2018 .

13. Final Look at Global Conflicts

13 Days. 312 Hours. 18,720 Minutes.

Hey!  Our second lady on the countdown (see #20).  More to come, later this week... Kind of appropriate for all of the Women's Rights issues that are heavily featured in the 20th century! Anyways, let’s wrap up these Global Conflicts…


OK. We get it. There was a ton of conflict in the 20th Century.  You kinda forget how violent the 20th was.  Anyway, here are some more consequences…

Nazis and Fascists propped up Franco in Spain.  Franco remained in power decades longer than Mussolini and Hitler. Idi Amin ruled over an absolute dictatorship in Uganda.  Have you seen Uganda lately? Thanks, Idi.  


Communists like Mao Zedong and Ho Chi Minh used Communism.  The non-aligned movement sided with neither the US or the USSR (or played them off of one another).   There were also alternatives that shook up the establishments in some countries (Anti-apartheid, Tiananmen Square Uprisings, etc.)

Not just Al Qaeda.  Also, the IRA in Ireland against the British for Irish independence.  Not to mention, the ETA. They are Basque separatists in Spain. 

Pop culture was directly influenced by this. Here are some examples:

Dadaism in art. James Bond in film. Socialist Realism in the Soviet Union (that was totally not real). And, finally the effect on video games.  Link and Mario has nothing to do with this.  More like Call of Duty and Metal Gear.  Either way; these themes were present in pop-culture (also songs and other films besides Bond…) 

That’s a ton of conflict.  Wow. But, there was other stuff too.  We’ll see science, nature and global culture in the upcoming days…

Posted on May 4, 2018 .

14. Challenges to War

2 Weeks. 14 Days. 336 Hours. 20,160 Minutes.

It’s been pretty violent here lately.  Assassinations, revolution, total war. The AP wants you to know that certain individuals bucked this trend and went the opposite way.

6.2 Global Conflicts & their Consequences


Both Martin Luther King, Jr in the US and Mohandas Gandhi in India used non-violence against seemingly insurmountable odds. Both of them achieved their goals by stressing non-violent resistance to oppression from the British or the White majority.  Both were later assassinated.

Posted on May 3, 2018 .

15. The Cold War


15 Days. 360 Hours. 21,600 Minutes.

The Cold War is a huge topic. It describes the clash of the world’s two superpowers in the time following WWII until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.

6.2 Global Conflicts and Their Consequences


This topic is huge. But, the AP only mentions it a couple of times in the curriculum.

1. The Definiition
After WWII, the world’s geopolitical situation quickly evolved into a Democracy-Dictatorship, Capitalism-Communism, USA-USSR

2. Alliances 3.0
The new alliances are the United States friends (NATO-North Atlantic Treaty Organization) and the Soviet Union and her friends (Warsaw Pact).  Think of this is the most recent version of Triple Entente vs. Triple Alliance (except the NATO-Warsaw alliances were much larger)

3. Dissolution of the Soviet Union
Sorry. Communism doesn’t work. There is no innovation. No reason to excel. Therefore, it collapsed in on itself. It ended with a series of reforms by Premier Mikhail Gorbachev. And, in response; a failed coup against the reform government.

There are a ton of hot wars in the cold war (Vietnam, Korea, etc.) but the above are the generics according to the College Board.

Here’s Johnny Green’s look at the Cold War:

Posted on May 2, 2018 .

16. Genocide in the 20th Century


16 Days. 384 Hours. 23,040 Minutes.

Another big factor in the 20th Century was Genocide.  Below are the examples required by College Board.

 ARMENIA: The Ottoman Empire systematically murdered around 1 million Armenians during WWI for supporting the Triple Entente.  The Turkish government today denies that this was a genocide.  You know who didn’t deny it? Hitler. Hitler saw this as the blueprint for his genocide 25 years later.


HOLOCAUST: Hitler’s systematic killing of 6-12 million Jews, political enemies, handicapped, gay, Roma, etc. They were excluded from society, moved out of major towns into camps. Once there, they either worked or were killed off (or both).  This is the biggest genocide by far.

CAMBODIA: Stalin-style purge from Pol Pot (Communist ruler of Cambodia during the 70s). This genocide is notable for its scope.  It killed over a million people; but, that was 25% of Cambodia’s population.

RWANDA: In the mid-1990s, just before you were born; the people of Rwanda experienced a civil war that ended in Genocide.  This is the most recent, accepted genocide in history (CAR, Sudan, and others are still debatable).  Belgian colonists left in the middle of the century.  Before they left, they had divided the country into two groups HUTUS & TUTSIS.  The Hutus “looked more African” and the Tutsis ‘looked more European’. These distinctions were totally made up by the Belgians. The Tutsis ruled Rwanda while the Belgians were there. Once the Belgians left, the Hutus (majority) were given power. Reprisals ensued. When the president was assassinated in the mid 90s, the Hutus attempted to kill off all of the Tutsis. If you have a few hours, I think Hotel Rwanda is on netflix…

Tomorrow, we turn to the Cold War… WWIII… or at least WWII.5

Posted on May 1, 2018 .

17. WWII

17 Days. 408 Hours. 24,480 Minutes

The 20th Century is full of conflict.  We’ve got two gigantic ones left to mention.  Let’s talk WWII…

6.2 Global Conflict & their Consequences


WWII.  The biggest single event in history.  

Largest Armies in history. Check.

Biggest Battles in history. Check. 

Largest War in history. Check.

Largest death toll in history. Check.

Largest genocide (bigger than the others combined). Check. 

It’s a huge deal. It’s easy to get bogged down in the battles, and nazis, and the Empire of Japan.  Don’t fall into this trap.  There will be 10-ish multiple choice questions on the entire era.  10.  So, maybe one or two on WWII? So, if you’re non-stop studying Hitler and Eisenhower… you’re gonna have a bad time.  Here are the basics:

They want you to know that this (and WWI) are both TOTAL WARS. Total Wars are wars that completely occupy the nations involved. Everything they do (economic, social, political) is devoted to the war effort. This includes CONSCRIPTING (drafting) people from the nations’ populations to participate in the war (fight/die).

Beyond that, the curriculum is strangely silent on what to know.  Therefore I’ll give you two sources to use. 

First, here's JG's take:

Also, here’s my page with tons of videos, links, etc. (It is focused on the Virginia standards, but it covers WWII nicely).

Tomorrow, the other MASSIVE CONFLICT of the 20th Century… THE COLD WAR…

Posted on April 30, 2018 .

18. Interwar Period

18 Days. 432 Hours. 25,920 Minutes.


Okay. Before we head to the Big One (WWII), let’s hit the highlight tour of the Interwar Period (Outsiders-Some of this is specific to World History II in Virginia). 

6.2 Global Conflict and their Consequences


The Interwar Period is highlighted here.  Warning the previous link is from my site devoted to the World History II SOL in Virginia.

The AP wants you mainly to know the causes of the MAJOR GLOBAL CONFLICTS (WWI & WWII):


Last week we detailed Imperialism (aka Europeans seeking raw Materials and Markets to sell their factory made junk).  Well, this often led to conflicts, not only with the locals, but also amongst themselves.  Both World Wars had deep roots in these conflicts.


(See above)


Different groups fighting for statehood or national boundaries.  Serbia in WWI or Czechs and Poles in WWII.


Usually not directly at first, but the two big industrial powers of Europe both fought for power in both World Wars.


Serbian nationhood in WWI or Aryan Nazis in WWII.


We’ll let John Green handle this one:

Posted on April 29, 2018 .