Europe didn’t wake up one day and decide to go sailing. The technology and science behind the instruments/techniques used by the Europeans during the transoceanic maritime reconnaissance was the result of centuries of Greek, Arab, Persian, Indian and Chinese advances. This new amalgamation of innovation allowed the Europeans to leave their little continent and go global. The effects of these voyages will play out over the next few eras, but for now; these are the new technological innovations of the Early Modern Period…
Below are the specific KEY CONCEPTS that apply to this sub-unit:
Knowledge, scientific learning, and technology from the Classical, Islamic, and Asian worlds spread, facilitating European technological developments and innovation.
The developments included the production of new tools, innovations in ship designs, and an improved understanding of global wind and currents patterns— all of which made transoceanic travel and trade possible.
New state-supported transoceanic maritime exploration occurred in this period.
Portuguese development of maritime technology and navigational skills led to increased travel to and trade with Africa and Asia and resulted in the construction of a global trading-post empire.
Spanish sponsorship of the voyages of Columbus and subsequent voyages across the Atlantic and Pacific dramatically increased European interest in transoceanic travel and trade.
Northern Atlantic crossings were undertaken under English, French, and Dutch sponsorship, often with the goal of finding alternative sailing routes to Asia.