The Russian Revolution is the name given to the revolutions that drastically changed not just the course of Russian history, but World History. The February Revolution saw the overthrow of the Absolute Monarchy of the Tsar (the Romanovs had ruled since 1613!). The Tsardom was replaced by a Provisional Government that was, in turn, overthrown a few months later by the Bolsheviks. Led by Vladimir Lenin, this second revolution laid the foundation for what would become the Soviet Union (USSR).

Causes of 1917 revolutions

  • Defeat in war with Japan in 1905 (Russo-Japanese War)
  • Landless peasantry
  • Incompetence of Tsar Nicholas II
  • Military defeats and high casualties in World War I


Rise of communism

  • Bolshevik Revolution and civil war
  • Vladimir Lenin’s New Economic Policy (NEP)
  • Lenin’s successor—Joseph Stalin


CLICK HERE! AND THE STUDY GUIDE... 


CLIP ONE: TSAR NICHOLAS & the TROUBLES of 1905 (From RUSSIA: LAND OF THE TSRS)

CLIP TWO: DUMA, RASPUTIN, WWI, & the DOWNFALL (from RUSSIA: LAND of the TSARS)

CLIP THREE: BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION

CLIP FOUR: DEATH of the ROMANOVS (from NAT GEO)

CLIP FIVE: RUSSIAN CIVIL WAR

CLIP SIX: Lenin's N.E.P.

CLIP SEVEN: COMMUNISM (from 9:07 on from CRASH COURSE)