We've spent entirely too much time in Europe.  As you'll see, the Europeans are set to spread out to all reaches of the globe.  Before we follow these explorers, we should look at the major empires of the planet during this time period (1450-1750).  For the Virginia SOLs, that means four empires: 1. THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE 2. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE 3. THE MING/QING EMPIRE 4. THE TOKUGAWA SHOGUNATE

We've spent entirely too much time in Europe.  As you'll see, the Europeans are set to spread out to all reaches of the globe.  Before we follow these explorers, we should look at the major empires of the planet during this time period (1450-1750).  For the Virginia SOLs, that means four empires:

1. THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE
2. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE
3. THE MING/QING EMPIRE
4. THE TOKUGAWA SHOGUNATE


Impact on Global Civilizations:


Original location of the Ottoman Empire

  • Asia Minor

Expansion and extent of the Ottoman Empire

  • Southwest Asia
  • Southeastern Europe, Balkan Peninsula
  • North Africa

Development of the Ottoman Empire

  • Capital at Constantinople renamed Istanbul
  • Islamic religion as a unifying force that accepted other religions
  • Trade in coffee and ceramics

Location of the Mughal Empire

  • North India

Contributions of Mughal rulers

  • Spread of Islam into India
  • Art and architecture—Taj Mahal
  • Arrival of European trading outposts
  • Influence of Indian textiles on
  • British textile industry

Trade with European nations

  • Portugal, England, and theNetherlands competed for the Indian Ocean trade by establishing Coastal ports on the Indian subcontinent.
  • Southern India traded silks, spices, and gems.

China

  • Creation of foreign enclaves to control trade
  • Imperial policy of controlling foreign influences and trade
  • Increase in European demand for Chinese goods (tea, porcelain)

Japan

  • Characterized by powerless emperor ruled controlled by military leader (shogun)
  • Adopted policy of isolation to limit foreign influences

CLIP ONE: OTTOMAN EMPIRE-WATCH FROM 26:17-34:30.

CLIP TWO: CHINA- WATCH FROM 2:35-11:00

CLIP THREE: MUGHAL EMPIRE- WATCH 28:55-37:00

CLIP FOUR: TOKUGAWA SHOGUNATE (JAPAN)- WATCH 21:25-28:49